Definitions for Continuum of Care Matrix for Alaskans with Alzheimer’s Disease and Related
Outreach, Education, Information and Referral:
This category of service provides for outreach, education, information and referral of issues related to ADRD for individuals and their caregivers. This is accomplished through the Senior Centers, the Aging and Disability Resource Centers (provided through regional independent living centers), State SeniorCare Office, and State Care Coordination and Education grants. State grant funds from The Alaska Mental Health Trust Authority (AMHTA), the U.S. Administration on Aging and State of Alaska general funds are used to fund projects offered through private non-profits, tribal and government entities.
Assessments are completed under the Medicaid Waiver Program, the Medicaid Personal Care Attendant Program, the Medicaid Long Term Care Program and grant funds from the MHTA and the State of Alaska. These assessments are used to access services and to assist in developing a plan of care for the individual. This service is provided by private non-profits, for profit, tribal and government entities.
This includes any medical treatment for individuals with ADRD by health care professionals or paraprofessionals: i.e., Community Health Aides (CHA’s), Certified Nursing Assistants, Registered Nurses (including Public Health Nurses), Physicians Assistants, Nurse Practitioners, and Physicians. Treatment is provided in patients’ homes, in health clinics, private provider offices, hospitals and nursing homes.
This service provides medications for both physical and mental health needs of seniors. The Medicaid Personal Care Assistance program provides medication management for those people who qualify with physical needs. State and federal funds are provided on a limited basis for this service through an Anchorage Senior Center and Mental Health Trust Authority funded grant in Southeast.
This service makes available an “expert” who is available to navigate the system of care a senior receives through the Waiver or other services. The Care Coordinator works with the senior and her Caregivers to establish a Plan of Care and helps assure that services are delivered adequately to their client. These services are provided by private non-profits, for profit, and tribal entities.
Personal Care Attendants:
Personal Care Services are designed to assist seniors in need of assistance with Activities of Daily Living (e.g. bathing, eating etc.) in their own homes. This service provided through Medicaid can be utilized in two distinct ways: Agency Based services allow for a certified provider to manage the hiring and supervision of a Personal Care Attendant for a senior while Consumer Directed PCA allows for that attendant to be hired and supervised by the senior or their legal representative receiving the services with minimal assistance from an agency.
Services under this category allow for housekeeping and other services in a senior’s own home. This program is both a Medicaid Waiver and grant program with funding from the state of Alaska and the U.S. Administration on Aging. Providers of all types offer these services.
Relief to a primary Caregiver in order to reduce caregiver stress is the primary purpose of this service. This service provided under the Medicaid Waiver, U.S. Administration on Aging - National Family Caregiver Program and state grant programs. Providers of all types offer these services.
Adult Day Services:
Adult day Programs offer facility based programs, which provide recreational, health and social opportunities for seniors who are frail or experience ADRD. These programs are funded through State of Alaska funds and the Medicaid Waiver programs.
Congregate and Home Delivered Meals:
These programs offer one third of the recommended daily allowances (RDA) for adults. Congregate meals are provided in senior centers and schools throughout the state. Home Delivered meals are provided for those seniors unable to easily leave their homes. These programs are provided by private non-profits, for profit, tribal and government entities through the Medicaid Waiver, U.S. Administration on Aging and State of Alaska funds.
Assisted Transportation services are those, which take a senior from their home to appointments and back with door-to-door assistance. Transportation services are provided through the U.S. Administration on Aging, State of Alaska grant funds and the Medicaid Waiver programs through private non-profits, for profit, tribal and government entities. These services include assisted and unassisted rides.
Refers to converting or adapting the environment to make tasks easier, reduce accidents, and support independent living for frail seniors and/or individuals with disabilities. Examples of home modification include:
- Lever door handles that operate easily with a push
- Handrails on both sides of staircase and outside steps
- Ramps for accessible entry and exit
- Walk-in shower
- Grab bars in the shower, by the toilet, and by the tub
- Hand-held, flexible shower head
- Lever-handed faucets that are easy to turn on and off
Specialized Medical Equipment and Supplies:
Specialized equipment and supplies include devices, controls, or appliances specified in the plan of care which enable clients to increase their ability to perform activities of daily living, or to perceive, control or communicate with their environment.
Family Caregiver Programs:
These programs offers a wide range of services for family caregivers of seniors with the focus solely on the caregiver’s needs. The U.S. Administration on Aging funds programs, which are designed to support Caregivers of seniors recognizing their unique role in the continuum of care. Grants are made to private non-profits to execute these programs.
Legal services for seniors consist primarily of guardianships and other minor legal problems. Through funding from the U.S. Administration on Aging and the State of Alaska, a provision of legal services is provided for seniors and their caregivers through Alaska Legal Services Corporation.
Assisted Living Homes:
Assisted Living homes provide 24-hour care to seniors in a non-institutional setting outside a senior’s home.Assisted Living homes are operated by private non-profits, for profit, and tribal entities using funds from the Medicaid Waiver Program and the State of Alaska grant funds. These homes provide twenty-four hour care for seniors and others in non-institutional settings often in or near the seniors community.
Located in six communities ( Sitka, Ketchikan, Juneau, Anchorage, Palmer and Fairbanks) the Alaska Pioneers’ Homes provide up to 600 beds of assisted living services for seniors in Alaska. Open to any senior over 65 years of age these homes are funded through the Medicaid Waiver and State of Alaska funds and operated by the Department of Health and Social Services. They have developed a specialty in serving those people who experience ADRD as well as other frail seniors. They have a Registered Nurse on site 24 hours a day and provide a centralized pharmacy, which includes a high level of medication oversight.
Skilled Nursing Facilities provide intensive services for those at the highest level of care. Funded through Medicaid they offer both short and long-term placements for senior who require significant nursing interventions each day. In many cases, through Medicare funding these facilities provide for rehabilitation services for senior returning to their homes from acute hospitalizations.