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Mumps: More than just swollen glands - learn more about CDC's Infographic


 

Mumps

Mumps is a contagious viral illness, characterized by fever, headaches, and swollen salivary glands under the jaw (pictured). Meningitis, encephalitis, permanent hearing loss, and other serious complications can also occur.

An effective vaccine is available for mumps, and has led to mumps being considered uncommon in the United States, with an average of fewer than 500 cases reported annually. In spite of this, cases and outbreaks of mumps continue to occur in the United States, and providers should remain vigilant.  In 2015-17, mumps outbreaks have been reported in several other states including Arkansas, Hawaii, Missouri, Massachusetts, Oklahoma, Texas, and Washington.

Alaska Surveillance Data

Latest number of mumps cases* for 2017:  104
*includes confirmed and probable cases

In the past five years, Alaska received an average of <1 case report per year.  Starting in August 2017, there has been an increase in mumps activity in Anchorage.  Not all cases are able to be linked epidemiologically; suggesting that transmission in the community is occurring.

Resources for the General Public

Resources for Healthcare Providers

  • Testing Information: For Suspected Case of Mumps
  • Collect a buccal swab for PCR testing on all suspected cases. If patient has orchitis, collect a urine sample in addition to a buccal swab. Serologic testing is not recommended for laboratory confirmation of mumps acute infection.

    Persons are infectious from 2 days before the onset of parotitis until 5 days after swelling started. Be sure to remind suspect mumps cases to home isolate until they are no longer infectious to others.

    Section of Epidemiology staff are available 24 hours a day to assist in case consultation, to facilitate transport of specimens, and provide public health recommendations for managing a suspected or confirmed cases. Contact 907-269-8000 or 1-800-478-0084.

Mumps disease is a public health reportable condition in Alaska. Reports must be made within 5 working days after being suspected or diagnosed. Please call the Alaska Section of Epidemiology at 907-269-8000.

​Infectious Disease Program Resources