Birth to 3 Months
As a newborn, your baby needs you to hold them, rock them,
sing to them and talk to them. They like to snuggle and hear
your voice. You should go to your baby when they cry and see
what is wrong. Don’t worry about spoiling your baby.
Babies cry because they need something: milk, a dry diaper,
warmth or they may just be lonely or uncomfortable.
Things Babies May Do The First Three Months
- Focus eyes on objects about 12 inches away
- Raise head when lying on stomach
- Jump at loud sounds
- Make cooing sounds
- Watch own hands move
- Smile back when you smile
- Hold a rattle for a few minutes
- Laugh out loud
Baby turns head towards a nipple or finger when cheek
is stroked with it
Toys You Can Make or Buy
Pictures of faces or black and white patterns to hang
above the bed. Make sure you hang them high enough so that
your baby will not get tangled or choke.
An unbreakable mirror to tie on the side of the bed so
babies can watch them selves.
- Small rattles that fit in baby’s hand.
Bright colored toys that you can tie across her bed for
her to hit with her hands or kick with her feet.
Handle your baby with care. Soft voices and gentle movements
– even when your baby is crying are necessary for
your baby to grow into a strong secure and alert child.
Remember: When holding your baby, sudden jolts or jerking
movements can harm your baby.
If you use a bottle to feed your baby, be sure to thoroughly
wash the bottle and nipple and to sterilize them before
Healthy infants should be placed on their back to sleep
to help reduce the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
(SIDS).� Do this when your baby is being put down for a
nap or to bed for the night.
Car seats should be used at all times and should be rear-facing
in the back seat until the child is both over one year of
age and over twenty pounds.
All homes should have working smoke detectors and fire
extinguishers and a fire escape plan for the family.
When you travel by car, be sure to put your baby in a
rear facing infant seat that is buckled in the back seat
of your car.
Take the baby with you to your place of worship, the grocery
store, or shopping so that he or she can see new people
Remember to take your baby to a doctor or nurse for a
check up to get the shots they need. These “well baby
checkups” are very important in order to keep your
Immunizations at birth: Hep B #
Immunizations at 2 months: DTaP, Polio, HIB*, PCV** and
*HIB – prevents one type of meningitis
*PCV – prevents some types of pneumococcal disease
Relax and enjoy 15 to 30 minutes to feed your baby at
every feeding. Wait until later to give your baby solid
foods. Feeding babies solid foods early can cause allergies
and choking. Babies sleep through the night because they
are ready, not because they are given solid foods.
Things You Can Do Every Day To Help Your Baby Grow
Gently stroke baby’s fingers, hands, toes, arms,
legs and feet with your fingertips. Remember, the human
touch is miraculous. Your touch tells your baby that he
or she is loved and that they are safe. Touch stimulates
physical growth and brain development. It is essential for
Sing, read or speak softly to your baby when you are holding
him or her. You are building a feeling of security for your
child that will serve him or her for the rest of their life.
Tell your baby what you are doing when you are taking
care of them: “I am changing your diaper.” “Oh,
let’s wash your toes.”
Hold your baby in front of a mirror so that he or she
can see themselves and you. Talk to your baby as you both
look in the mirror.
Place a rattle in your baby’s hand and see how long
he or she can hold it. At first, it will be a very short
time. You baby will be able to hold onto the toy longer
and longer as he or she gets older.
Smile at your baby and look right into his or her eyes
when you talk to them. You are letting your baby know that
he or she is the most important person in the world.